Computer Based Assessment in Kenya

Education and technology

Computers are changing the ways tests and assessments are developed and administered. Examination is the major and widely accepted use of measuring student ability and understanding of a subject initially taught to him/her. Student self-assessment is a central component of current conceptions of formative and classroom assessment. It is very essential for students to engage in continuous self-assessment since it leads to improved student motivation, engagement and learning.

Education and technology

Computer based testing being referred to as the “next frontier in testing” where it is being promoted as the solution to testing problems in many of countries of the world (A, Trotter, 2017). Assessment, which is very crucial for the provision of quality education has been limited to summative assessment (assessment of learning) in the 8-4-4 system as compared to formative assessment (assessment for learning). Traditionally, its common that students get access to exam booklets and revision books that they use for self-assessment purposes. Most of these booklets are in hardcopy but also due to the integration of ICT in the education sector, some are available in softcopy.

Computer-Based Assessment (CBA) is usually referred to as Computer Based Testing(CBT), e-assessment, computerized testing and computer-administered testing is defined as a test or assessment that is administered or delivered on computers or equivalent electronic device such as mobile phone, tablet or PDA that is either connected to the internet or on a local area network (Gerkushenko, 2018). The ICT Integration in Education (Digital Literacy project) is one of the key components in the competency-based curriculum in Kenya under 2-6-3-3 system of Education. This will be aligning integration of ICT into teaching and learning for students in all academic institutions.

Currently, primary students’ self-assessment and evaluation is done using manual system including hardcopy booklets and past papers. Some of the problems faced by this manual system include delays in result processing, filtering of records is not easy, and it lacks credibility since it can be biased.

The main purpose of this proposal is to present a model of a CBA system that can be used in primary schools to administer continuous self-evaluation techniques and assessment for the learners that can be monitored throughout their learning cycle since currently the Ministry of Education has no mechanisms to track and monitor students’ continuous assessment results. This will be a step-up pillar in terms of application of ICT in the education system in line with the new curriculum that aims at digital literacy and continuous learner assessment. This system will efficiently evaluate the examiner thoroughly through a fully automated system that is targeted at achieving formative assessment (assessment for learning) at the core of the new education curriculum. This system will also be suitable with the existing holiday tuition ban as the system can be used as a revision toolkit at home and parents can monitor their children’s performance track as compared to the manual booklets revision that can be hard to track with no supervision.

  1. Importance of using technology in Education
  2. Barriers to Use of Technology in Education


Gerkushenko, G. G. (2018, February 6). Lecture 3: Computer-Based Assessment. Retrieved from LinkedIn SlideShare:

Techopedia Inc. (2019, February 7). What is Computer Simulation? Retrieved from Techopedia – Where IT and Business Meet:

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